China’s economic development path did not follow the same pattern as that of the West.
China experienced an episode of economic growth during the Song Dynasty (960–1279). During the Song Dynasty, both per-capita income and population witnessed unprecedented and considerable increases. In addition, Song China saw the pace of technological innovation increase. At some point, this period of economic growth ceased. Then in the 20th century China began its modern economic growth. In particular, China did not experience a “Malthusian Trap” for a long period and then begin its modern industrial revolution in the 20th century. While this is the mainstream view – at an absolute minimum non-controversial – among experts in the Far East, economists in the West rarely recognize China’s different development path.
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